Types of firewood A-B-C
Alder: Opinion varies, works best well seasoned.
Ash: Best burning wood; has both flame and heat, as it has a low moisture content.
Apple: Splendid/ It burns slowly and steadily when dry, with little flame, but good heat. Good scent. Must season well
Beech: Best when well seasoned
Birch: The heat is good but it burns quickly with a bright flame. Nice smell, works well when mixed with other woods that burn more slowly.
Cedar: Good when dry. It gives little flame but much heat, and the scent is beautiful.
Cherry: Burns slowly, with good heat. Another wood with the advantage of scent and does not spit.
Chestnut: Mediocre. Apt to shoot embers. Small flame and heating power.??
Cypress: Burns well but fast , and may spit
Douglas Fir: Poor. Little flame or heat.
Elder: Mediocre. Very smoky. Quick burner, with not much heat.
Elm: To bum well it needs to be kept for two years. Even then it will smoke.Very high water content
– more water than wood.
Hawthorne: burns well
Hazel: Good, burns fast without spitting. but has other uses,
so you might not want to burn it
Holly: Good, best when kept a season.
Hornbeam: Good, burns well
Horse Chestnut: Good flame and heating power but spits a lot.
Laburnum: Totally poisonous tree, acrid smoke, taints food and best never used.
Larch: Crackles and spits, scented, and fairly good for heat. Oily soot in chimneys
Laurel: Has brilliant flame.
Lime: Poor. Burns with dull flame.
Oak: Dry oak is excellent for heat, burning slowly and steadily with a good heat. Seasoned for 2 - 3 years is best.
Pear: Slow and steady, good heat and a good scent.
Pine: Burns with a splendid flame, but apt to spit. Needs to be well seasoned. Gives off a large number of resins.
Plane: Burns pleasantly, but is apt to throw sparks if very dry.
Plum: Good heat and scent.
Poplar: Burns slowly with little heat – better for making
Rhododendron: The thick old stems, being very tough, burn well.
Robinia (Acacia): Burns slowly, with good heat, but with acrid smoke.
Rowan: Burns well
Spruce: Burns too quickly and with too many sparks.
Sweet chestnut: Burns well when seasoned but sends out sparks.
Only for use in a stove with door closed!
Sycamore: Burns with a good flame, with moderate heat. Useless green.
Walnut: Good, and so is the scent. Aromatic wood.
Willow: Poor. It must be dry to use, and then it burns slowly, with little flame. Apt to spark.
Yew: Last but among the best. Burns slowly, with fierce heat, and the scent is pleasant.